This is certainly a different sense of the word ‘published’, but the Request for Comments (RFC) series of notes defined the original Internet, and was ‘published’ on-line as the Internet was first built. The on-line versions of the documents are always preferred to any printed copy. Membership in the working groups which produce these documents is defined as subscribing to the mailing lists, rather than coming to the triannual physical meetings.
But I suppose y’all mean something else, and it is a little depressing to realize that all of the RFCs are formated for 80-column displays/printers, so it’s not like it’s freed up by the medium of publishing. OTOH, when they first started writing these things (1969), there weren’t a whole lot of bit-mapped displays available, and there were a bunch of grad students who were lucky to share an 80-column terminal.