Academia, Not Edu

Last week’s close attention to open access, its development, its present state, and its potential futures, surfaced not only the importance for both the individual scholar and the field at large of sharing work as openly as possible, with a range of broadly conceived publics, but also some continuing questions about the best means of accomplishing that sharing. As I mentioned last week, providing opportunities for work to be opened at the point of publication itself is one important model, but a model that may well have occluded our vision of other potential forms: the ease of using article-processing charges to offset any decline in subscription revenue possible as previously paywalled content becomes openly available is so apparent as to have become rapidly naturalized, allowing us to wave off the need for experimentation with less obvious — and less remunerative — models.

Among alternative models, as I noted, is author-originated sharing of work, often in pre-print forms, via the open web. Many authors already share work in this way, whether posting drafts on their blogs for comment or depositing manuscripts in their institutional repositories. And recently, many scholars have also taken to sharing their work via Academia.edu, a social network that allows scholars to build connections, get their work into circulation, and discover the work of others. I’m glad to see the interest among scholars in that kind of socially-oriented dissemination and sharing, but I’m very concerned about this particular point of distribution and what it might mean for the future of the work involved.

Here’s the crux of the matter:

The first thing to note is that, despite its misleading top level domain (which was registered by a subsidiary prior to the 2001 restrictions), Academia.edu is not an educationally-affiliated organization, but a dot-com, which has raised millions in multiple rounds of venture capital funding. This does not imply anything necessarily negative about the network’s model or intent, but it does make clear that there are a limited number of options for the network’s future: at some point, it will be required to turn a profit, or it will be sold for parts, or it will shut down.

And if the network is to turn a profit, that profit has a limited number of means through which it can be generated: either academics who are currently contributing their work to this space will have to pay to continue to access it, or the work that they have contributed will somehow be mined for sale, whether to advertisers or other interested parties. In fact, Academia.edu’s CEO has said that “the goal is to provide trending research data to R&D institutions that can improve the quality of their decisions by 10-20%.” Statements like this underwrite Gary Hall’s assessment of the damage that the network can do to genuine open access: “Academia.edu has a parasitical relationship to the public education system, in that these academics are labouring for it for free to help build its privately-owned for-profit platform by providing the aggregated input, data and attention value.” The network, in other words, does not have as its primary goal helping academics communicate with one another, but is rather working to monetize that communication. All of which is to say: everything that’s wrong with Facebook is wrong with Academia.edu, at least just up under the surface, and so perhaps we should think twice before commiting our professional lives to it.

The problem, of course, is that many of us face the same dilemma in our engagement with Academia.edu that we experience with Facebook. Just about everyone hates Facebook on some level: we hate its intrusiveness, the ways it tracks and mines and manipulates us, the degree to which it feels mandatory. But that mandatoriness works: those of us who hate Facebook and use it anyway do so because everyone we’re trying to connect with is there. And as we’ve seen with the range of alternatives to Facebook and Twitter that have launched and quickly faded, it’s hard to compete with that. So with Academia.edu: I’ve heard many careful, thoughtful academics note that they’re sharing their work there because that’s where everybody is.

And the “everybody” factor has been a key hindrance to the flourishing of other mechanisms for author-side sharing of work such as institutional repositories. Those repositories provide rigorously protected and preserved storage for digital objects, as well as high-quality metadata that can assist in the discovery of those objects, but the repositories have faced two key challenges: first, that they’ve been relatively siloed from one another, with each IR collecting and preserving its own material independently of all others, and second, that they’ve been (for the obvious reason) institutionally focused. The result of the former is that there hasn’t been any collective sense of what material is available where (though the ARL/AAU/APLU-founded project SHARE is working to solve that problem). The result of the latter is that a relatively small amount of such material has been made available, as researchers by and large tend to want to communicate with the other members of their fields, wherever they may be, rather than feeling the primary identification with their institutions that broad IR participation would seem to require. So why, many cannot help but feel, would I share my work in a place where it will be found by few of the people I hope will read it?

The disciplinary repository may provide a viable alternative — see, for instance, the long-standing success of arXiv.org — but the fact that such repositories collect material produced in disciplines rather than institutions is only one of the features key to their success, and to their successful support of the goals of open access. Other crucial features include the not-for-profit standing of those repositories, which can require thoughtful fundraising but keeps the network focused on the researchers it comprises, and those repositories’ social orientation, facilitating communication and interconnection among those researchers. That social orientation is where Academia.edu has excelled; early in its lifespan, before it developed paper-sharing capabilities, the site mapped relationships among scholars, both within and across institutions, and has built heavily upon the interconnections that it traced — but it has not primarily done so for the benefit of those scholars or their relationships.

Scholarly societies have the potential to inhabit the ideal point of overlap between a primary orientation toward serving the needs of members and a primary focus on facilitating communication amongst those members. This is in large part why we established MLA Commons, to build a not-for-profit social network governed and developed by its members with their goals in mind. And in working toward the larger goals of open access, we’ve connected this social network with CORE, a repository through which members can not only deposit and preserve their work, but also share it directly with the other members of the network. We’re also building mechanisms through which CORE can communicate with institutional repositories so that the entire higher-education-based research network can benefit.

Like all such networks, however, the Commons will take time to grow, so we can’t solve the “everybody” problem right away. But we’re working toward it, through our Mellon-supported Humanities Commons initiative, which seeks to bring other scholarly societies into the collective. The interconnections among the scholarly society-managed Commonses we envision will not only help facilitate collaboration across disciplinary lines but also allow members with overlapping affiliations to have single sign-on access to the multiple groups of scholars with whom they work. We are working toward a federated network in which a scholar can maintain and share their work from one profile, on a scholar-governed network, whose direction and purpose serve their own.

So, finally, a call to MLA members: when you develop your member profile and share your work via the Commons, you not only get your work into circulation within your community of practice, and not only raise the profile of your work within that community, but you also help support us as we work to solve the “everybody” problem of the dot-com that threatens to erode the possibilities for genuine open access.

196 responses to “Academia, Not Edu”

  1. Academia, Not Edu – Planned Obsolescence https://t.co/rl8vmTADtw

  2. I have an honest question, actually a couple. First, what happens to the materials when my membership lapses? Personally, I’m shifting careers and thus scholarship and professional affiliation. My work in MLA-type research is still relevant but my MLA membership, not as much. Do I need to keep the membership to keep my research available? Which brings up the question of membership at all. Freemium sites lik Academia.edu are attractive to many scholars because they are free now. And by scholars, I mean adjuncts, graduate students, and other poorly compensated members of the academy. Free is perhaps where everyone is at because that’s what most people can afford. I know the cost is nominal as well as presented on a sliding scale, and I also know that providing these services aren’t free, but free now (not to mention SEO optimized) is not a minor selling point for the service academia.edu provides. I could also add that the transdisciplinary nature of academia.edu is a feature that represents an opportunity for scholars to brush up against other perspectives, almost the way wandering the stacks in the library once did (and for many of us admittedly still do). And finally, for many of us who have been doing research and writing and publishing “for free” as adjuncts and contingent faculty while institutions profits in terms of prestige, at least academia.edu is honest in its capitalist goals.

    I say this not to tear down the project but because I would like it to succeed, but to succeed, it import to consider other reasons why academia.edu will continue to be a more attractive choice.

    1. Kathleen Fitzpatrick Avatar
      Kathleen Fitzpatrick

      The materials remain available if your membership lapses! The only thing that would change is your ability to continue contributing to the conversations on the Commons. But honestly, given the work going on via Connected Academics and other such programs, I wouldn’t be too quick to assume that MLA membership won’t remain relevant in your new career. MLA members are in an increasingly wide range of professions, and the conversations across those professions remain crucial to them. Participating in those conversations, and shaping those programs, is an indispensable benefit of membership, one that I consider worth supporting. And honestly, “free” is never free. Caveat emptor, is all I’m saying.

      1. Do you have an email address of someone at academia.edu. They keep sending me emails and i have unsubscribed several times to no avail. Would like to have Richard Price’s email.

  3. Problemet med sosiale medier for forskere – Academia, Not Edu: https://t.co/Xl1byebCkw

  4. Love this, Kathleen. At the risk of self-promoting, I think my post from last week focuses on one of the challenges that can prevent scholars from sharing their work on CORE. We are going to have to work to get publishers to understand that there really isn’t a reason to differentiate between institutional and disciplinary repositories. If author agreements don’t give us the right to share our work in something like CORE, it doesn’t matter how good the model is.

    1. Kathleen Fitzpatrick Avatar
      Kathleen Fitzpatrick

      Thanks, Brian — and you’re absolutely right about the obstacles that unaltered publisher agreements can present to developing disciplinary networks and repositories. I’ll hope that your post encourages more scholars to read those agreements carefully and to consider the ways that addenda like SPARC’s can support a more open, more flexible future for scholarly communication.

  5. I share your concerns about academia.edu. As a private startup, it can only go rotten over time. I forsee three possible scenarios:

    1) it goes bust. If they’re lucky, users will have some reasonable period in which to export their data in some hopefully not too disastrous format;
    2) it is bought-out by a rival. This is the usual startup business plan. Cf. Mendeley buyout by Elsevier.
    3) it becomes a hideous, gouging, privacy-busting behemoth from which no escape is possible.

    These newcomers only succeed at challenging the existing infrastructure because they provide user-oriented reference management features that the existing library infrastructure is failing to provide.

    Where is the universal public database of author/title/publication metadata to serve as a common component for any reference management tool? The amount of researcher time wasted on managing these personally and institution-wide must be colossal.

    It can’t be such a huge amount of data: the whole of Medline is about 113GB; the whole of ArXiV fits on a 64GB thumbdrive; and so on, which implies the metadata of every scholarly publication ever would fit on a modern desktop machine.

    Why does this not exist, and what are librarians doing about it?

    1. I hadn’t realized the “size” of ArXiV. Is this because it keeps its contents in LaTeX and generates PDFs on the fly? I confess I don’t know much about its mechanics/infrastructure, but I am profoundly jealous that scientists/physicists have it. Why the humanities run so far behind in this, and seem to depend so heavily on proprietary solutions to everything from word processing (Word) to digital accessioning (Aca.edu) truly escapes me.

    2. Vicky the Librarian Avatar
      Vicky the Librarian

      Have you used WorldCat at all? (worldcat.org) It’s a database of the catalogs of member libraries, which is most if not all in the US and a number internationally. Listings of books, articles, archival works, etc. work with ref mgmt tools, or at least with both Mendeley and Zotero, which I’ve used myself. Metadata may not be exactly correct for every citation style in every entry, but as I tell students, that’s true of every database/citation manager (unless you enter everything yourself, which as you note is time-consuming), so it’s always best to check everything over before you consider it complete.

      So to your question, it does exist, and librarians have been adding to it for years.

  6. I’ve always wondered what the deal with https://t.co/6E515IaTxV was. @kfitz explains: https://t.co/Ag82kZFHvH

  7. Academia, Not Edu – @kfitz on the digital commons https://t.co/opqJuJ1XSU

  8. I haven’t heard any talk about Academia.edu in years. Research Gate is the latest rage. Why is that and do you see any differences?

    1. Kathleen Fitzpatrick Avatar
      Kathleen Fitzpatrick

      That’s interesting! I can’t tell where you are posting, of course, but I wonder if it’s a Europe/US difference, given that ResearchGate is based in Germany. That EU home points to another possibility, though: ResearchGate was not subject to the flood of Elsevier DMCA takedown notices that hit Academia.edu a while back due to differences in national laws. The other possibility is that it’s a field-based thing, but I’m not sure.

      As to differences — honestly, I haven’t spent any time with ResearchGate, and I don’t know the sources of their funding, so I can’t say. I’d love to know your thoughts!

      1. I was also going to mention to ResearchGate, which seems big here at Virginia Tech. Maybe more sciencey than academia.edu? Dunno.

        1. Vicky the Librarian Avatar
          Vicky the Librarian

          RG is STEM-focused while Academia seems to attract more in the humanities. I’m in a STEM school and most people who’d have accounts with this sort of site have one on RG and post to it fairly regularly, while some may have accounts in Academia but most have done very little with it.

          1. Vicky the Librarian Avatar
            Vicky the Librarian

            Oh and as to funding (just did a workshop on social networking for researchers so I’m more up on this topic than I might otherwise be), RG is like Academia in that both are funded by investors.

          2. Isn’t that depressing!

            I signed up to academia to get to an article I needed for my dissertation (in art history, film and the various preipherals) The signed up to RG fro another article which I didn’t get un fortunately, there still seems to be less that’s uploaded there.
            Academia looks a lot more like a wall of articles and papers. Research looks more like facebook for geeks; it has a more higly developed Q&A line. And since I’m a gabby goat, I posted some answers to those questions and got swept into a rather fun debate.
            It’s depressing to fing that RG is also a for profit enterprise, but the real problem is entirely that: how can researchers live from the work they do? But in media, I really can’t see a way around either the audience to advertisers paradygm or a pay to play paradygm.
            All this of course wouldn’t matter if work were payed at the scholar’s workplace, and that from the graduate level at least. But that isn’t the case, so researchers are becoming more and more dependant on getting there stuff out there just to get noticed.
            Finally, if these sites were up-front about their for profit status, it would be chilling, but it wouldn’t really be a problem – if all the work supplied by the researchers were also compensated.
            All of this is a connondrum that I don’t see a practical solution to…

  9. “everything that’s wrong with Facebook is wrong with https://t.co/9ZcpAdBbDV“: fascinating post by @kfitz. https://t.co/YS6x7ln1Nb

  10. Voilà pourquoi je n’utilise pas ce Facebook pseudo-académique : “Academia, Not Edu”. https://t.co/5zvZsNxPwu via @kfitz

  11. At some point, https://t.co/vC3JHSSJK6 will be required to turn a profit, sold for parts, or shut down — @kfitz

    https://t.co/IysY0gpagq

  12. Worth reading: this thoughtful piece about academia[dot]edu by @kfitz : https://t.co/PwNa3mDXc8

  13. “everything that’s wrong with Facebook is wrong with https://t.co/tr5AlSpH04https://t.co/ZT6AvCITIw

  14. @DrDonnaYates Apparently, you’re not alone: https://t.co/YM9fcdUGfa

  15. Thanks for reposting of my tweet Kathleen, and for the clear explanation of everything that went unsaid in my 140 characters about why people should be aware of the commercial nature of academia.edu. I like the way you’ve pointed out that people find Facebook and its ilk useful for very legitimate reasons, and that the challenges of creating something that reproduce those reasons are significant. As users of the web, we all use commercial services all the time. What’s important is to do so in an informed way. Too often with services that are collecting our data, it’s not clear to many users what use the collector will make of it, and that’s where much of the problem lies.

    1. Kathleen Fitzpatrick Avatar
      Kathleen Fitzpatrick

      Thank you for the tweet, Seth, which prompted me to get this thing that had been nagging at me for some time into circulation. I hope that our organizations can work together to build better not-for-profit alternatives to this particular service.

  16. Je mets dans Academia des liens vers HAL-SHS. Et vous ? #OpenAccess | MT @kfitz: Academia, Not Edu. https://t.co/CgyR7BClo2

  17. .@kfitz on why Academia (dot ) edu is not the solution to #OA for academic research/scholarly publishing: https://t.co/VWRdrcCwQo

  18. Academia, Not Edu: Planned Obsolescence https://t.co/XGQU1zCntt via kfitz

  19. As usual, insightful words from Kathleen Fitzpatrick:
    https://t.co/qgbkwrzu3d

  20. This is why I don’t use https://t.co/rFiwhtybIO — and explains the recent uptick in use of MLA Commons https://t.co/WG5rhL6i4C

  21. […] Source: Academia, Not Edu – Planned Obsolescence […]

  22. The Facebookification of academic discovery
    https://t.co/8SpmUKE2Ln

  23. […] funded policies. Costly and effort-consuming repositories are increasingly looking incomplete and potentially irrelevant due to networks like ResearchGate and Academia.edu, for-profit, venture capital-driven businesses […]

  24. […] Academia, Not Edu Planned Obsolescence […]

  25. Academia, Not Edu: https://t.co/7vTSS8caAl via @kfitz important to know!

  26. “everything that’s wrong with Facebook is wrong with https://t.co/kM5yAdyEtphttps://t.co/zU2d98hM8h

  27. Haven’t decided what to do but this critique of https://t.co/M5OpruyPWj is pretty thought-provoking. https://t.co/RXdrVsZBmU #HigherEd

  28. Good reminder of https://t.co/J1Pf0ewstE's for-profit stakeholders and push for other possible open-access platforms https://t.co/8pGZE8bIcg

  29. Bhikshuni L Trinlae Avatar
    Bhikshuni L Trinlae

    Academia dot edu seems to be making some money by advertising head-hunters. Most of these still are for IT and STEM related fields, but a few others pop up from time to time.

    Academia dot edu also could make money licensing reader subscription access, i.e., to those who do not contribute anything peer-reviewed or already journal-published there.

    Academia dot edu’s inter and intra-disciplinary nature is in fact one of its best features.

    There is also another database system in Europe other than Research Gate, fyi ORCID. I have received requests for papers from RG users, but since an int’l journal owns the copyright to my paper, I have no standing to share it. On academia dot edu, users get the abstract and link to the journal, and not the paper itself. Which points to another benefit of academia dot edu, to find something useful to do with otherwise unpublished works. Hard to see academia dot edu monetizing those, however, since they have not been through peer review. In some ways, academia dot edu is a peer review vehicle, but all ad-hoc. To open an actual comments page on an uploaded item there is non-trivial and tedious!

    Hope they build a customer base of academic hiring scouts!

  30. Important from @kfitz : Academia, Not Edu – Planned Obsolescence https://t.co/EE2B5erUBA

  31. […] there is a pretty intense debate about what sort of after-work we should be doing. For example, in this excellent blog post by Kathleen Fitzpatrick, the use of Academia.edu is called into question (in brief, the issue is […]

  32. The problem with arXiv.org is its disciplinary concentration. It is not open enough in this respect. So, a lot of disciplines are ipso facto left out.

  33. “Academia, Not Edu” @kfitz on the importance of non profit area focused scholarly networks and repositories https://t.co/XhXpqjBeaO

  34. Can’t help but see connexions between this (https://t.co/lv5mrUqCSz) and this (https://t.co/crwnxBHnPM) #ProQuestGate

  35. […] Kathleen Fitzpatrick, “Academia, Not Edu,” in Planned Obsolescence (26 October 2015) […]

  36. Critical post on the ‘academic facebook’ where all scholars hang out: Academia, Not Edu: https://t.co/K8kG6bAnPl via @kfitz and @ldegoei

  37. Academia, Not Edu – Planned Obsolescence – interesting concerns about publishing on https://t.co/aTankz8vMz https://t.co/h5IE3uB2xW

  38. For those of you annoyed by #ProQuestGate, read @kfitz latest piece on Academia not Edu: https://t.co/v6w9CvbLUx

  39. interesting post on #openaccess and academia dot edu https://t.co/ctU4SjqBmU

  40. Good critique of concerns with lending academic work to third party services. Academia, Not Edu. https://t.co/P624sFbwuO

  41. @pelle_jons monetize that communication.”
    https://t.co/XPBbwu9HG7

  42. Questioning sustainability of proprietary platforms: Academia, Not Edu: https://t.co/A93rUJaPo4 via @kfitz

  43. Academia, Not Edu – Kathleen Fitzpatrick (Planned Obsolescence) https://t.co/MVpPT7LIWz via @kfitz #AcademiaEdu

  44. “Academia, Not Edu”: thoughts on how we should share our publications on a scholar-governed network. https://t.co/hqbA5inJYa via @kfitz

  45. Academia, Not Edu https://t.co/BYuZnsygPH por @kfitz #openaccess vía @audreywatters

  46. @jofsharp @TreborS @mckenziewark @NSFreePress Not Lyterati nor https://t.co/GRKvlXbgSA https://t.co/F1RnP55efi maybe https://t.co/x2Bl5bZtsu

  47. Author-originated sharing of work @kfitz https://t.co/sw6DRkJihj @Mittelalterblog @Archivalia_kg @Openreflections @ekansa @DataAtCU @libmark

  48. Could never quite pin down why, since I’m pro-open access, social media etc & love metrics. This post helped tho. https://t.co/DoaqWuAsuP

  49. @DrAnnieGray ..or try to monetise in future. This is worth a read https://t.co/DoaqWuAsuP

  50. Academia, Not Edu: https://t.co/K82kFGXzLz via @kfitz “[it] is not an educationally-affiliated organization, but a dot-com”

  51. Re: https://t.co/QrqClw5OuD & #ProQuestGate @SMCoulombeau @kimbraxton, you might be interested in this, by @kfitz https://t.co/5BxD4XdooQ

  52. […] Academia.edu is a for-profit company that is not dedicated to transparency or to the advancement of academic interests: http://kfitz.info/academia-not-edu/ […]

  53. #openaccess #openwashing Academia, Not Edu – Planned Obsolescence https://t.co/Em5Yb70Wa6 HT @roughbounds

  54. According to @kfitz: “we should think twice before committing our #professional lives to [#Academia (dot) #edu]” https://t.co/aO21gPeqIM

  55. Is Open Access a door than can be co-opted, and then closed?: https://t.co/6MMQWaY2fE via @kfitz | @Loop_Network @brembs @BioMedCentral

  56. […] from one profile, on a scholar-governed network, whose direction and purpose serve their own”, as Kathleen Fitzpatrick suggests? Or, are there other models that suit your work better? I look forward to your thoughts […]

  57. A follow-up on my own questions on socially-oriented dissemination and sharing of papers: good post by @kfitz there: https://t.co/s64yIi1lYw

  58. […] from publishers. And, as commercial entities, they exist to make money. How do they do that? By forcing users to log in to see documents, tracking their actions, and selling that data. If you’re uncomfortable with how Facebook commodifies your information, you should be […]

  59. […] from publishers. And, as commercial entities, they exist to make money. How do they do that? By forcing users to log in to see documents, tracking their actions, and selling that data. If you’re uncomfortable with how Facebook commodifies your information, you should be […]

  60. […] The MLA has recently introduced CORE (which ProfHacker Kathleen Fitzpatrick helped shape and wrote about, while Brain Croxall outlined some of the difficulties of going this route). Other institutions, […]

  61. @timelfen @DA_Banks Lots of recent skepticism abt https://t.co/5NZE6Ksb18, though: https://t.co/fWRSJCUljB

  62. […] month Kathleen Fitzpatrick announced the launch of a new open access repository for the humanities, CORE. I love repositories and I love […]

  63. Academia, Not Edu by @kfitz https://t.co/pbERUHNS6p via @marindacos

  64. “Academia, Not Edu – Planned Obsolescence” https://t.co/VhXIRU0cWN

  65. Even if US centered, a must-read reflection on disciplinary #openaccess by @kfitz “Academia, Not Edu,” https://t.co/bYw5uekxYZ @academia

  66. […] Kathleen Fitzpatrick is Director of Scholarly Communication at the MLA, and visiting professor at Coventry University. The author of Planned Obsolescence (2011) she is also co-founder of the digital scholarly network MediaCommons. Her recent piece on Academia.edu, ‘Academia. Not Edu’, is available here: http://kfitz.info/academia-not-edu/. […]

  67. A non-profit alternative for life scientists is lifescience.net.

  68. […] Kathleen Fitzpatrick: Academia, Not Edu | Planned […]

  69. @RemiMathis @ndelavergne une analyse intéressante https://t.co/k3i740vFr1

  70. Late to this from @kfitz, “Academia, Not Edu” https://t.co/A2q9o5n2PF

  71. https://t.co/BE728QoKm9 “at some point, it will be required to turn a profit, or it will be sold for parts, or it will shut down.”

  72. @aasearle @cath_fletcher MLA Commons appears to be an alternative: https://t.co/tUoTosqcWV. What troubles me is copyright infringement.

  73. .@dzorich projects like @MLACommons are great in that regard c.f. @kfitz https://t.co/XhXpqjBeaO see also Arxiv, RePEc & SSRN

  74. Sarah Lowengard Avatar
    Sarah Lowengard

    Okay, an opinion question.

    30+ yrs ago, when I started academic research, the best way to discover publications was bibliographies. The biblios were sold to (generally) research libraries. It could take (well, it often took me) a week or two to comb all the biblios (as I worked at a nexus of technology and the humanities) Once I identified papers I /might/ need, I could then order them from the publisher of the bibliography or from the author or original publisher.

    Putting aside the speed issues (admittedly artificial) how different is what was the norm then from the norm now? At some level, it seems that someone-not-me is making money from my work. And it was still possible to collect statistics and act upon them.

  75. […] scholarship” world, with initiatives like Commons Open Repository Exchange (CORE). CORE, as Kathleen Fitzpatrick notes, is a disciplinary rather than an institutional effort to collect and disseminate scholarship. Both […]

  76. […] networks and open commons projects, but given Kathleen’s own recent op-ed piece on Academia.edu, “Academia, not Edu,” in which she urges us to explore alternatives to for-profit initiatives such as Academia.edu, which […]

  77. […] recently critiqued Academia.edu on her blog and during a new academic conference. Because Academia.edu is saved with try capital, she said, it […]

  78. […] of scholarly communication at the Modern Language Association—underscores in a recent blog post, relying upon Academia.edu alone may not be a shrewd investment. Despite its .edu domain […]

  79. […] of scholarly communication at the Modern Language Association—underscores in a recent blog post, relying upon Academia.edu alone may not be a shrewd investment. Despite its .edu domain , this […]

  80. […] of scholarly communication at the Modern Language Association—underscores in a recent blog post, relying upon Academia.edu alone may not be a shrewd investment. Despite its .edu domain , this […]

  81. I missed the part where this inititative, i.e. academia.edu is bad. So, yes, it’s done by a bunch of individuals, not an institution. It needs money in order provide excellent services that you don’t have to pay for. Mmmmhhh… . It’s certainly not pseudo-academic by virtue of the thousands of very real and quality academics/scholars/researchers that use it. There is nothing remotely comparable for getting and sharing articles. But yes, I don’t want to be naive, what are they actually doing with all that data? What is the real beef you have with them. It can’t be that it’s commercial, otherwise we should not buy books from commercial publishers anymore either… heck, we shouldn’t go to universities that take fees… . So, could you be clearer about the actually evil of academia.edu? Ah, and another thing I found positive: Even people not associated with institutions can and do publish. What alternative would these people have in terms of a serious platform? Lastly, if academia.edu were to shut down are commercialise in a more aggressive way, what problem is there with one’s work? Surely, we all have copies of what we upload.

  82. Academia, Not Edu – Kathleen Fitzpatrick https://t.co/UD3mbG3yRJ

  83. @babette_babich @UCLpress @DavidPriceUCL @ucylpay @donaldbarclay https://t.co/5mgXHyV5jn

  84. @Dymaxion What Ted said. @kfitz has complete lowdown https://t.co/tsBN0cXTG7 Ask univ. librarians if institutional repository is an option.

  85. […] di dettagli, merita di essere letto nella sua interezza.  Come scrive Kathleen Fitzpatrick in  Academia, Not Edu, dobbiamo renderci conto che questi siti – esattamente come Facebook – non hanno lo […]

  86. A useful article on gated academic communities: https://t.co/Yo6Uk6GQGQ Also worth a read: https://t.co/LeoJnKUtxS

  87. @Protohedgehog i don’t disagree that the problem is larger. i do like kathleen fitzpatrick’s take on it: https://t.co/Q8Zho6tUQv

  88. Challenges of trans-displinary, trans-intitutional, open access repositories —> Academia, Not Edu https://t.co/ufcn2Rg1wS #DeleteAcademiaEdu

  89. “All of which is to say: everything that’s wrong with Facebook is wrong with Academia.edu,….” There is a root cause behind all these problems – money.

    Yet, money is false, because money is not an object of nature. Only objects of nature and their characteristics, which we call as the laws of nature are true. Everything else is false. Thus we have two things which are false, real numbers and money, which is also a real number. You cannot create something true using something false, like money.

    Since money is false, it cannot be necessary to run an economy. That is, we can run the same economy that we have now, in the exact same way without any kind of money, and yet give full democracy, and any lifestyle anybody wants. The problems in all areas, like academia, education, poverty, unemployment, wars are all created for money and by money. Note also that since money is false, it must be free and abundant at its source, which is the central bank. Take a look at money-less economy (MLE) chapter at https://theoryofsouls.wordpress.com/

  90. […] Academia, Not Edu – Planned Obsolescence (October 26, […]

  91. Now might be a good time to read @kfitz’s prescient discussion of @academia https://t.co/mhbKhXZSXY #DeleteAcademiaEdu

  92. @annettemarkham @Bali_Maha @judell @hj_dewaard (2/2) but also curious given controversy re https://t.co/i0XE2EPmUl

    https://t.co/UOklGgfA0K

  93. See also “Academia, Not Edu” by @kfitz https://t.co/mB5C8l3Fyg #AcademiaEdu #openaccess https://t.co/Mu2FcYP8be

  94. Faculty: Have you read Why Academia not .edu? https://t.co/euovs5gtwR #openaccess @CUNYWorks

  95. Academia, Not Edu – finding open alternatives to private academic websites https://t.co/mQqyhPYD0V

  96. #sldls16 “Academia, not Edu” (Kathleen Fitzpatrick) shares some downsides to using this platform (corp. use data) https://t.co/wdtDSOCVlC

  97. […] series of sharp criticisms in high-profile blog posts by concerned academics, including Gary Hall, Kathleen Fitzpatrick and Guy Geltner. These led to an event held at Coventry University in December 2015 to explicitly […]

  98. Academia, Not Edu, “share your work via the Commons” https://t.co/az8a6T0uwp via @kfitz

  99. […] to raise such questions. Many EMOB readers may have seen Kathleen Fitzpatrick’s blog post “Academia, Not Edu” that appeared last October (Planned Obsolence.net October 26, 2015. While Matthews covers three […]

  100. @JillMcCorkel The real downside of the commercial site is that they monetize your stuff, as @kfitz has pointed out https://t.co/LRxVkLciAz

  101. Am I right in saying that one needs to become an MLA member to post work on the Core, and that this attracts an annual fee?

  102. […] Fitzpatrick, Medienwissenschaftlerin in den Digital Humanities, fügt in ihrem Post „Academia, Not Edu“ hinzu: „Everything what‘s wrong with Facebook is wrong with Academia.edu, at least just up […]

  103. @JenProf @actualham @remiholden just that @academia is probably one of the biggest culprits of the data critique:

    https://t.co/UOklGgfA0K

  104. https://t.co/raTXwvny0W
    An example on how to tie in tweets into your paper #hps332 #blogideas

  105. Academia, Not Edu – Planned Obsolescence #researchgate, #academia.edu & #researchrepositories #socialmedia https://t.co/lUqiyNnLbt

  106. @DerekVindice @academia tipped the wink by @kfitz https://t.co/PtTAKJNvL0

  107. Great to talk to you today @gravesle. 2 pieces on Academia dot edu: @kfitz https://t.co/EbnAklLost @Openreflections https://t.co/57fxpzyGZ4

  108. […] académiques[3]. Le texte initial de G. Hall est rapidement suivi notamment par des billets de Kathleen Fitzpatrick et Martin Paul Eve, des articles dans la presse spécialisée (The Chronicle of higher education), […]

  109. @Mark_A_Davidson @justamusicprof @K_Leonard_PhD @timeshighered See @kfitz’ https://t.co/5BxD4XdooQ (we launch @humcommons to all this month)

  110. […] the importance of not for profit scholarly networks. I’m thrilled that she mentioned not only my blog post but also the work we’re doing at Humanities Commons. But if she hasn’t convinced you […]

  111. […] Fitzpatrick, “Academia, Not Edu,” Planned Obsolescence: Falling indelibly into the past (October 26, 2015).  Associate […]

  112. […] Fitzpatrick, “Academia, Not Edu,” Planned Obsolescence: Falling indelibly into the past (October 26, 2015). Vice-présidente du […]

  113. “Everything that’s wrong with Facebook is wrong with Academia . edu” https://t.co/nnD2rUqNP6

  114. Academia, Not Edu – Planned Obsolescence https://t.co/Y413TTpww6

  115. […] as Kathleen Fitzpatrick argues, ‘it will be sold for parts, or it will shut down’. It will need to turn the data flows that […]

  116. […] Kathleen Fitzpatrick, Associate Executive Director and Director of Scholarly Communication at MLA, discussed this point in her recent post about Academia.edu: […]

  117. […] tepkilerin en önemlilerinden biri, web sayfas?n?n yüksek ö?renim kurumlar?na has olan ve kamusal hizmet […]

  118. […] and Director of Scholarly Communication at the Modern Language Association (MLA) ???????????academia […]

  119. Academia, Not Edu — This, exactly. https://t.co/85dqqvVsNq #openaccess

  120. The dangers of for-profit academic social networks, by @kfitz (2015). https://t.co/XHpGfCZ1NT

  121. Not a new issue (see @kfitz https://t.co/FQh7Sa44aQ), but one I’ve been thinking of more lately as I prepare to ent… https://t.co/rZd6mWq49a

  122. Speaking of Academia dot edu: https://t.co/n3fSaqxFno @savageminds @socarxiv @trgenovese

  123. Good article for those of us making the switch to @humcommons for our scholarly communication needs. #AMSroc17
    https://t.co/ETn5uoqtad

  124. “The first thing to note is that, despite its misleading top level domain (which was registered by a subsidiary …” https://t.co/SYB0UVNKxV

  125. […] For further discussion on Academia.edu (and alternatives), check out Sarah Bond’s “Dear Scholars, Delete Your Account at Academia.edu” and Kathleen Fitzpatrick’s “Academia, Not Edu.” ? […]

  126. […] more on this topic, also see Kathleen Fitzpatrick’s piece Academia, Not Edu and Martin Eve’s Academia.edu’s peer-review […]

  127. […] the Mellon Foundation to address issues of access, as outlined in Kathleen Fitzpatrick’s essay “Academia, Not Edu” from October 2015. HCommons.org offers free academic social networking with a research repository […]

  128. A Conceptual Guide to Digital Academic Identity

  129. war überfällig: habe endlich meinen Academia edu-Account gelöscht, der vor sich hindümpelte, und entziehe somit einem kommerziellen Unternehmen meine Daten. Weitere Infos kfitz.info/academia-not-e…

  130. How about the fact that PhD students are required by most institutions to hand over their dissertations to ProQuest, a third-party for-profit organization, who then owns it and is free to sell it for their own profit?! Scholars can choose to use or not use academia.edu. Graduate students have no choice in this. Embargo policies vary, but are heavily in the company’s interest over the student’s. My university even admits on the library website that having your dissertation published online by ProQuest can adversely affect your publication prospects. This sort of corporate intrusion into university research and scholarship is far worse.

    1. Pros of Ac edu : a lot of good quality papers or books, with known real and reliable academics – scholars. Not worse than a library, with bad books and bad Phd. wrong infos copied from one book to another atc. Dont forget this. Papers looks free to download.
      Cons: Looks now after my own experience and some feed back read on the net like a scam site, a screw site, for the subscription. They take the money from CC or Paypal (and anyways from your bank account), and then you even cant access to the subscribed premium. This is how porn and all these scam sites work on the web. So if this is the reality of academia.edu, the site must be advised everywhere in the community as not better site as a porn site, owned by some hidden screw. that”s all.

  131. […] the Mellon Foundation to address issues of access, as outlined in Kathleen Fitzpatrick’s essay “Academia, Not Edu” from October 2015. HCommons.org offers free academic social networking with a research repository […]

  132. Hi Kathleen,

    Very interesting read, its a shame a .edu is being abused like that. I often see the same with .org because just anyone can buy them and legally put any type of business on it.

    Take care
    Jamie

  133. Because I was just reading this old @kfitz chestnut again, carthago delenda est. Don’t use academia dot edu: kfitz.info/academia-not-e…

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